Statistics for cancer such as incidence, mortality, 5 year survival rates and so forth help to set national standards and anti standard programs. They are important in any country in order to plan for health care funding and resources for years to come. As long as cancer kills people in the numbers that it does now, funding for cancer research and clinical intervention will always be given top (or nearly top priority). Thats why cancer statistics are so important. Many foundations and cancer grant agencies use these numbers to justify their fundraising and administrative actions.
Let’s examine in more detail US Cancer statistics some more. Again, 1.52 million new cases are estimated to be detection in all of 2010 with about 596,000 deaths in the same year. Simply dividing those numbers give us an estimate of the death rate in 2010 which is about 39%. This is just a rough estimate and just gives us a general idea of new cases and those dying of the same disease in 2010. 60% are living and roughly 40 are dying due to cancer if you just look at incidence rates. It is important to note here that there are greater than 2 million unreported types of skin cancers that are not included in these numbers…thus the incidence is a lot higher. However, many of these basal cell and squamous cell skin cancers are treated successfully and never make it on the national registries.
Close to one out of ever four deaths in the USA are due to cancer now. Even though heart disease is still the biggest killer overall, for those under 75 years of age, cancer is the biggest cause of death. For men, three cancers are by far the most common and they are prostate, lung/bronchus, and colorectal and they account for slightly more than 50% of all newly diagnosed cancers in 2010. For women, the top three cancers are breast, lung/bronchus, and colorectal. In both men and women prostate and breast cancer account for nearly a third of all the new cases in 2010. The good news for men is that close to 100% of all the prostate cancers are diagnose either early enough or those that are regional (in one spot on the testes) and most are treated successfully (here that means 5 year survival rates are close to 100%). I wont go into detail about state to state differences except to say that in states where the incidence of smoking is higher than other states….you wont be surprised to know that the lung cancer rates are higher. The same goes for breast cancer…the states that have the best breast cancer screening programs tend to see lower rates of mortality due to breast cancer there.
Another interesting statistic gleaned from 2010 figures is that all four of the top cancer killers in men and women have all shown a decline in incidence since the previous five to ten-year figures except for one cancer. Strangely enough, lung cancer is actually increasing in incidence in women and not men (but at a much slower rate than before). The reason for this is that female smoking patterns are about 20 years delayed in women. Historically, it took them longer to get addicted and for it to be socially acceptable and thus death rates due to lung cancer are going to be delayed as well.
Ok well…let’s take a break here and pick up again in a few days.
Once again let me know if you have any specific questions and please do visit my cancer made simple website for more info.