We have all heard it: herbal remedies can’t be wrong, they have been used for thousands of years. In fact, it’s true…many cultures, tribes, medicine men, etc. have been using and in essence prescribing natural plant based herbal remedies for many many years….in fact, much longer than that of modern medicine/pharmaceuticals.
So why then is the medical community reluctant to embrace herbal medicines and remedies. Although it’s fun to poke fun of doctors, medical administrators, insurance companies, and pharmaceutical executives, the universal distrust in these types of remedies is not unfounded. Here is a small list of reasons: 1) Many herbal remedies were found to have good affects on one particular ailment (such as stomach discomfort) and then prescribed and suggested to work in other organ system (the liver, lungs, etc.) with little or no evidence. 2) Many herbal remedies have been linked to visual cues in how they were assigned to work. For example, it is common to find that red fruits or seed products are often given to women for bleeding conditions as blood is red and so is the remedy. 3) Many herbal remedies over the years are assigned to work on various parts of the bodies as they were harvested in certain ways- functional links. For example, the Cantonese believe that eating pig brain will make you smart, or if you have impotency- eating of dried and ground up ox testicles will help. Although these are not plant remedies, these types of functional or anatomical links have dominated traditional remedies. 4) The vast majority of remedies, even though many have commonalities from independent groups around the world and have been used by millions, have no properly controlled studies to show that they actually work. 5) They are prescribed and administered in widely varying fashion. The list goes on and on and these objections are fair. That does not mean that herbal remedies don’t work, it just means we have a long way to go before modern practitioners will embrace them.
The last time that a medical compound was successfully derived from a plant and used in clinical medicine was in 1967. That agent/drug was Taxol. That was a long time ago? For a while people just stopped looking for them. However, many are now pursuing this newly popular science; namely plant medicinal chemistry with newer techniques. Who knows, maybe one of our next blockbusters will come from a herb, plant or natural product. It might not only save lives but also teach us identify the chemical component that works in the plant itself.